8. Civilian Control: Unlike what continues to exist in Egypt, Libyans must ensure that their new constitution guarantees full civilian control over the army and the interior security establishment.
9. Dealing With The Past: Political disenfranchisement laws are a bad idea and just prone to abuse, and the current debate over them in Libya precisely shows that. If anyone associated with the Gaddafi regime made a clear and punishable crime, then he should be prosecuted. Otherwise, take a long breath, then empower and trust the voters when the time comes.
10. Protect The Future: Egypt’s new constitution allows for the repetition of the many the tragedies of the Mubarak era, despite early political consensus on constitutionally immunising Egypt against them. In Libya’s case, the new constitution must — among others — prevent an improperly strong concentration of power in one branch of government and the executive branch in particular, ensure a wide participation of all Libyans in political and economic life, empower civil society, usher in a pluralistic democracy, build a truly transparent state, and bring forth a working political and economic relationship between Libya’s three main geographic regions.
Bassem Sabry is an Egyptian blogger who covers the region on An Arab Citizen. Follow him on Twitter @Bassem_Sabry