As UN-backed efforts to establish a Libyan unity government falter, signals that the United States and European allies intend to expand their military campaign against the Islamic State could cause even more upheaval, says Mary Fitzgerald (pictured), a researcher who follows the country closely.
Fitzgerald says while the threat posed by the Islamic State is growing, an intensified military intervention could stir deeper rifts among rival camps.
"Various factions have so far been more interested in prevailing over their opponents than taking on Islamic State," she says. "Inserting Western special forces into such complicated local environments risks inflaming existing rivalries."
Click here to read Mary Fitzgerald's full interview with Zachary Laub of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR).